Tripetta India
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Tripetta India

India and Sri Lanka: How they are similar and how they are different.

Photo by Hendrik Cornelissen on Unsplash

India and Sri Lanka have deep historical ties. Everyone knows that. But they are two completely different countries. Sri Lanka was colonized by the Dutch (and later the British) while India, by the Portuguese, and then the British.

India was the first to gain independence doing so in 1947. Sri Lanka, then known as Ceylon, gained its independence in 1948.

Looking at the economies of both countries. The GDP growth rates are slowing both in India and in Sri Lanka. The economies of both countries are transitioning from a rural-based one to one based in the manufacturing and service industries.

Theravada Buddhism is the main religion in Sri Lanka, whereas Hinduism is the main religion in India. Muslims are the largest minority group in India, Sri Lanka Tamils are the largest minority group in Sri Lanka.

Looking at governments, both India and Sri Lanka rank as flawed democracies on the World Democracy Index. India has one capital, New Delhi, whereas Sri Lanka has two, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte and Colombo. India’s main allies are Russia, the United States, and sometimes France. Sri Lanka’s are India, Russia, the United States, China, and Pakistan.

Where are Indians and Sri Lankans immigrating to? Indians are mostly immigrating to the United States and European countries, whereas Sri Lankans are mostly immigrating to Saudi Arabia and other nations in the Middle East. India houses more migrants and refugees than Sri Lanka.

Sinhala and Tamil are the official languages of Sri Lanka, whereas in India the official languages are Hindi, English and other regional languages like Bengali and Punjabi.

If this wasn’t obvious already, Sri Lanka is the largest island in South Asia, and one of two island nations in South Asia, the other one being the Maldives. Tourism is growing fast in both countries. If you don’t count the cursed year 2020, then around 2 million tourists visit Sri Lanka each year and around 10 million tourists visit India each year.

50 percent of Indians have internet access, whereas only 34 percent of Sri Lankans have internet access. However, 24 percent of Sri Lankans speak English, whereas only 10 percent of Indians speak English. Income inequality is incredibly high in both India and Sri Lanka. India has two million confirmed coronavirus cases whereas Sri Lanka has only (roughly) three thousand.

The population of Sri Lanka’s largest city is only 700,000, whereas the population of India’s largest city is 18 million.

India and Sri Lanka share many similarities, and although they are different countries, they are more similar than they are different.




Tripetta India will explore Indian culture, music, history and current events.

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