Connecticut conserves their largest property within the Highlands Conservation Act Grant Program

By Lauren Ramos, American Conservation Experience (ACE) Fellow, Assistant Grant Specialist

When you set foot on Beech Hill in Goshen, Connecticut, you sense you’re someplace special. Birdsong wafts from the deep forest. A dirt road bisects a corn field and meanders into the distance, encouraging discovery. This is the welcoming sight a group of state, federal, municipal and nonprofit partners experienced last September during a tour of the site.

a dirt road winds through an open farm field and trees in the distance
A trail curves through the corn fields in the new wildlife management area known as Beech Hill in Goshen, CT. Tricia Andriski/USFWS

Bob Valentine, first selectman of the Town of Goshen, is one of those partners. Valentine grew up coming to Beech Hill. Standing next to a cold-water brook where he used to fish as a teenager, he shared, “This is an amazing piece of property. As you get down here, you can hear the birds and the wind, and very little civilization, which is a really great thing about this whole area.” That’s why Valentine and others are dedicated to conserving this place for future generations.

a shallow stream flows through a lush green forest
One of the two cold-water streams located within the forests at Beech Hill. These streams have been conserved for future generations to enjoy fishing for brook trout on the property. Tricia Andriski/USFWS

Conserving the 627-acre Beech Hill parcel was a top priority for the state as well. When it was listed on the open market in August 2019, Valentine notified Rick Jacobson, then chief of the Bureau of Natural Resources for the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Jacobson is currently the assistant regional director for Fish and Aquatic Conservation in the Northeast Region.

“It’s the kind of property you just fall in love with the moment you step on it,” Jacobson said. “This is truly a rich and diverse ecological community, and this parcel is going to provide conservation opportunities for generations to come.”

Conserving the Highlands Region

A property of this size comes with a price tag to match. Securing reliable funding is one of the main challenges partners face when conserving land. That’s why Connecticut DEEP partnered with the Service’s Highlands Conservation Act grant program to acquire Beech Hill.

a map with a long, narrow green area spanning from western CT, through norther NK, to eastern PA with dozens of red dots marking project sites within
A map of the Highlands Region and the Highlands Conservation Act Grant Program completed projects. 100 projects have been completed with funding from the grant program, conserving 12,766 acres since 2006. View the interactive map online. Lauren Ramos/USFWS

In 2004, the Highlands Conservation Act was signed into law to protect threatened and endangered species, safeguard clean drinking water, create outdoor recreational areas, and sustain working forests and farms in the Highlands Region. The Highlands Region is a 3.4-million-acre landscape of Appalachian ridges, hills, and plateaus that stretches from northwestern Connecticut, through New York and New Jersey, to eastern Pennsylvania.

Through the grant program, the Service awards funding for land conservation projects to state agencies, which raise matching funds from other partners. Over the past 17 years, the unique public and private partnership behind the Highlands Conservation Act Program has conserved 12,766 acres. In addition to the Service, partners include the four Highlands states, the nonprofit land conservation community, and the USDA Forest Service.

Tim Abbott, regional land conservation director for the Housatonic Valley Association, is a leader among the nonprofit land conservation organizations that provide critical support to the Highlands program.

“The Highlands Conservation Act is the most significant source of federal conservation dollars that come to Connecticut for this region,” Abbott said. “I would argue, outside of the Farm Bill, it’s the most significant source of conservation dollars for the entire four-state Highlands region, and it does tremendous work.”

“The fact that it leverages state funding, private funding, and municipal funding makes it a very helpful tool,” he explained. “Without a way to partner with local land trusts, much less significant conservation would be possible, and it would take a lot longer.”

Beech Hill was the perfect candidate for Highlands Conservation Act funding. It comprises 1.5 miles of cold-water streams, 50 acres of wetlands and ponds, and more than 500 acres of forest. It includes multiple habitat types identified as Greatest Conservation Need by Connecticut’s Wildlife Action Plan, the state’s road map for wildlife conservation.

minimal light shines through a healthy, dense forest
Through the partnerships of many, this forest has been conserved for numerous species to reside and use to move between connected habitats in Connecticut. Lauren Ramos/USFWS

Ecological and Recreational Importance of Beech Hill

The property abuts 100 acres of the Goshen Wildlife Management Area (WMA), with another 900 acres of Goshen WMA nearby, to the north. Conserving Beech Hill not only protects the unique habitats on the property, but also adds to a network of protected lands and waters in the state, and beyond.

“The Highlands program is really integral to everything we do as a Wildlife Division — it’s another way that we can help protect open space for a lot of the species that we work with,” Jenny Dickson, director of the Wildlife Division of Connecticut DEEP, explained. “It also helps us connect habitats to form migration corridors, so that wildlife have a greater opportunity to thrive and adjust to climate change. Whether it’s something like a northern-long eared bat, which has become very rare in our state, or something big like a moose or a black bear, this is the type of program that can protect the special habitats they depend on.”

a small, orange newt being held in two hands
Juvenile Eastern Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens), also known as an eft. Juveniles are bright orange-red with black spots on their back and are found on moist forest floors, just as the forest was on our visit to Beech Hill. Lauren Ramos/USFWS

Along with these ecological benefits, the land will be available to the public for outdoor recreation. A number of activities, such as hunting, fishing, and bird watching, are already allowed on the land. Connecticut DEEP will determine if other types of outdoor recreation will be allowed through the development of a management plan for the property.

Pete Picone, wildlife biologist with Connecticut DEEP, who manages the property, explained: “First, we review what is biologically important and how to conserve those resources as much as possible. We may think about adding other [activities] depending on the resources that we have here.”

Public access is important to the Goshen community, which greatly supports open space. Their values align nicely with Connecticut DEEP, which ensures public access is part of every property with funding from the Highlands Conservation Act Program.

Celebrating the Property’s Preservation

The Beech Hill property was acquired on May 18, 2021. A celebration attended by a long list of partners and supporters, including U.S. Senator Chris Murphy (Connecticut), followed. The celebration signified a conservation success, but it also launched a new beginning for this property.

As Picone explained, “One of the challenges that we’re going to have in the next three years is to figure out how we’re going to convert these fields to biologically native and diverse vegetation. It’s going to be challenging, but we already have partners who want to fund some of this change, so it’s really exciting.”

Colleen Sculley, assistant regional director of the Service’s Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program, which administers the Highlands program, is excited for what opportunities lie ahead. “I congratulate Connecticut DEEP and the partners who came together to conserve this property that supports listed and at-risk species and contributes to the conservation of the Highlands landscape in Connecticut, and we look forward to supporting many more conservation successes in the future.”

Partners from U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP), and the Housatonic Valley Association walk along the trail running through the corn fields. They are celebrating the success of acquiring this unique property. Tricia Andriski/USFWS

Abbott reflected on the impact the Highlands Conservation Act program has made on his career in land conservation. “It has been the essential part of a strategy of the land trust community here, working in partnership with the state,” he said. “We’ve been in it from the start, and as a result, we can dream bigger.”

Beech Hill showcases the great effort the partners put into each property protected under the Highlands Conservation Act. With Beech Hill acquired, the partners continue their search to find unique properties like it to protect for the future.

For more information on the Highlands Conservation Act, visit: https://fws.gov/program/highlands-conservation-act

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We conserve nature in the northeast U.S. for the benefit of wildlife and the American people. Love your natural and wild places! Explore the world around you by hiking, fishing, hunting, and volunteering. More info at fws.gov/northeast

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