Inmate Michael Smith visits with Kramer, an emu, at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm in Stock Island, Florida.

Inside the Florida Jail that Doubles as an Exotic Animal Zoo

Behind bars, abused and abandoned animals are finding refuge. Caring for them calms prisoners. Petting them draws thousands of visitors.


by Kim Raff

MIKE SMITH was out of prison for 10 days when he blacked out while drinking and was arrested alongside a busy street in Key West. When he sobered up, he was back in jail. By his own admission, he was not surprised to be there. The blacking out, it had happened before.

“I’m done,” Smith told himself. “If I don’t stop I’m gonna spend the rest of my life in prison.”

He has no recollection of being arrested, half a block off Duval street.

This time, Smith knew he would have to do a small stint before he could get a spot in a substance abuse program. In the interim he signed up to be a trustee at the jail, working on a farm that for the last two decades has become a corner of Monroe County where abandoned, abused, confiscated and donated animals from around the country have found refugee behind razor wire. A place where a miniature horse named Bam Bam grazes his days away on a pasture, as men in orange jump suits muck stalls and make sure water dishes are brimming.

“Snowflake” the alpaca is show here as inmate Michael Smith visits with “Arabella” at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm.
Inmate Orlando Gonzalez shows “Boots” the alligator to a visitors during at open house day at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm on Stock Island, FL. “Boots” came to the farm after ingesting the silicone lining in her aquarium. Her owners didn’t want to pay for the veterinary care to get her back to health so they signed her over to Dr. Doug Mader, who then donated her to the farm.
Curator Jeanne Selander — “Farmer Jeanne” — holds “Mo” the sloth, the most well known animal at the farm. Selander regularly takes him to community events and stands with him at the entrance during open house days where he meets all the visitors to the farm. “I always laugh, they didn’t invite me, they invited Mo, I’m just his roadie,” said Selander says of his appearances up and down the Keys.

Smith was amazed on his first day on the farm at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Stock Island Detention Center.

“I figured it’d be just a couple of pigs, maybe,” he said. “I didn’t know there was gonna be snakes and lizards and alligators and everything else.”

Twenty one years ago, out on the busy road that runs alongside the jail, a flock of ducks was losing its battle with traffic. In response to their dwindling numbers, a fence was erected, a pond put in and a few picnic tables where the guards took breaks. But the sanctuary didn’t stay small for long. And as word spread through the “coconut telegraph” — the unofficial gossip tree that spans the Florida Keys — the jail’s animal population began to increase and diversify. There was a lot of need and it turned out the jail was beginning to look like the place to fill it.

Attention hound “Misty” a Moluccan cockatoo repeatedly says “I love you” to visitors during an open house day at The Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm in Stock Island, FL.
Inmate Orlando Gonzalez sits with “Fat Albert” at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm in Stock Island, FL. “Fat Albert” escaped from his owners home and was found roaming a hotel parking lot in Key West and brought to the farm. Once his owner saw how happy he was on the farm and how well he was being taken care of, they decided to leave him there.
Inmates Orlando Gonzalez and Michael Smith clean out animal pens at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm that is located on the grounds of the detention center.

Curator Jeanne Selander — “Farmer Jeanne” as she’s known around town — runs the farm with the trustees. For the inmates it’s a way to make daily escapes from the jail in order to feed, clean and build the animals’ trust. Selander came to the farm almost 10 years ago with a background in marine biology. She was working for the Key West Aquarium when the job opened up and veterinary Dr. Doug Mader, who she worked along side at the aquarium, pushed her to apply. She had a love for animals, but she’d never stepped foot in a jail and was apprehensive about working alongside inmates.

Curator Jeanne Selander — “Farmer Jeanne” — holds “Mo” the sloth, and visits with a crowd of visitors for an open house at the jail farm. “Everyone thinks he is hugging me, but really he just thinks I’m a tree,” says Selander.

After landing the job Selander, still unsure, visited the site with Mader as he did his rounds. “I thought what a neat little place and how much more could be done with it. After I saw how the [previous] farmer interacted with the inmates, and that it was a safe environment, I thought, Yeah, I could do this.”

On Selander’s first day there were 25 animals roaming around. Most of them farm animals. Most of them of the petting ­zoo variety.

Inmate Orlando Gonzalez shows “Boots” the alligator to visitors during an open house at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Farm on Stock Island, FL. “Boots” came to the farm after ingesting the silicone lining in her aquarium. Her owners didn’t want to pay for the veterinary care to get her back to health so they signed her over to Dr. Doug Mader, who then donated her to the farm.
“Bam Bam”, one of two miniature horses, grazes in an enclosure in the jail. He is blind in one eye and was abandoned on the side of a canal with 5 other horses in Homestead, Florida.
Smith cradles “Thumper”, a flemish giant rabbit, as “Fat Albert” a giant tortoise who roams the farm waddles over looking for attention. Smith gives a few pats to “Fat Albert’s” head and then holds out “Thumper” as visitors pet the his soft fur.

Today, Stock Island Detention Center is home to 150, including Maggie, one of three sloths, and an alpaca named Snowflake. Then there’s Peanut, a miniature horse found wandering in the Everglades after being abandoned by her owner.

The animals arrive at the farm through a network Selander builds with animal rescues throughout the country. The network focuses on finding homes for animals like Sherman, an African Spurred Tortoise, acquired during a raid on a crack house in Denver, Colorado. Or Ghost, a blind and elderly horse believed to be in his late twenties who arrived at the farm in 2008 as no more than skin and bone after being abandoned in a remote county of the state, and who passed away last October.

Smith, the inmate, knew Ghost well. That the horse would spooked and be stubborn, at times.Some of the other inmates had a healthy fear of Ghost, but Smith made a connection.

“I just felt comfortable around him,” he said. “And seeing that everyone else was uncomfortable around him,I knew that I had to do what I had to do to make sure he was taken care of right, and not neglected. Doing something good when I was in a pretty bad situation myself. It really gave me peace,” he said.

Inmate Michael Smith brushes Ghost an elderly blind horse at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm. Ghost was abandoned by his owner in a remote area of Miami-Dadd Co. and left to die. He came to the farm just skin and bones. Working with Ghost teaches patience. They have to be gentle and build trust in order to care for him because he frightens easily.

Some of the inmates “try to be the big burly guys with the attitude,” Selander said. “And that always used to move me when ever I’d see them talking to the blind horse because that’s a bond they’re forming with an animal that needs them.”

Twice a month, the farm invites the public in to fawn over the animals. Selander’s outreach into the community and the reputation of the farm­ means it’s not unusual for bi­-monthly Sunday open houses to draw in as many as 200 people. Many of them greeted by Mo the sloth who is regularly an ornament cradled in Selander’s arms as guests arrive.

“Everyone thinks he is hugging me, but really he just thinks I’m a tree,” Selander said.

Signs directing visitors to the animal farm hang along the Monroe County Detention Center’s fence.

It’s the community support that allows for the farm to continue its work. The farm is completely funded by donations. No tax dollars go to fund the project.

“If I ever need anything the community really steps up to help,” says Selander.

Along with the inmates.

“A lot of the inmates maybe have never had anybody that cared about them,” she said. “And to see that the animals need them … it means something to them. And they really take good care of them and I have some of them say, Your in jail just like me.”

Inmates Orlando Gonzalez and Michael Smith move animals from their pens out to the courtyard to graze at the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office Animal Farm that is located on the grounds of the detention center.

Today, Smith is finishing up treatment and found work. He is sober. But he fondly remembers his time on the farm with Misty the Moluccan cockatoo that he snuck orange slices to. The one that followed him around the farm cooing, “I love you”.

“It kept me focused,” Smith said. “Spiritually, it helped me a lot. I definitely wont forget it, that’s for sure.”


Kim Raff is a documentary and editorial photographer based in Salt Lake City, UT. Connect with Raff on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, Linked In and Tumblr.