Product Management Interview Question→Netflix’s subscription renewal rate is declining year over year. What hypotheses would you propose, and how would you validate them?

Rohit Verma


Let’s address this Product Management Interview question starting with context 👇


Netflix has enjoyed tremendous growth over the years. However, recent reports indicate that the company’s subscription renewal rates have been declining year-over-year. This trend is concerning, as retaining existing subscribers is crucial for Netflix’s continued success. In this article, we’ll explore several hypotheses that could explain the decline in Netflix’s subscription renewal rates, and discuss how these hypotheses can be validated through structured analysis and testing.

Hypothesis 1: Content Quality and Variety

One potential factor contributing to the decline in renewal rates could be a perceived lack of diverse and high-quality content on Netflix’s platform. As the streaming landscape becomes increasingly competitive, subscribers may be seeking a wider range of content that caters to their evolving preferences.To validate this hypothesis, Netflix should:

  1. Conduct Subscriber Surveys: Gather direct feedback from current and former subscribers to understand their content preferences, satisfaction levels, and reasons for renewing or canceling their subscriptions.
  2. Analyze Engagement Metrics: Examine viewership data and engagement metrics for different genres, original content, and licensed titles. This can help identify content categories that are resonating (or not) with the audience.
  3. Benchmark Against Competitors: Compare Netflix’s content library and offerings with those of its competitors. Identify gaps or areas where Netflix may be falling short in meeting subscriber demands.

Hypothesis 2: Competitive Landscape

The rise of new streaming services, each with their own unique content libraries and pricing models, may be impacting Netflix’s ability to retain subscribers. Subscribers may be tempted to switch to alternative platforms that offer more attractive options.To validate this hypothesis, Netflix should:

  1. Analyze Market Trends: Monitor the growth and market share of competing streaming services, as well as their content strategies and pricing structures.
  2. Conduct Subscriber Surveys: Ask current and former subscribers about their reasons for choosing (or leaving) Netflix, including the influence of other streaming platforms.
  3. Perform Churn Analysis: Examine subscriber churn data to identify patterns and correlations between subscriber losses and the emergence of new competitors.

Hypothesis 3: Pricing Strategy

Another potential factor contributing to the decline in renewal rates could be Netflix’s pricing strategy. As the company has gradually increased its subscription prices over time, some subscribers may find the cost less justifiable, especially in the face of growing competition.To validate this hypothesis, Netflix should:

  1. Analyze Historical Pricing Changes: Examine the impact of past price increases on subscriber retention and churn rates. Look for correlations between pricing changes and changes in renewal patterns.
  2. Conduct Pricing Sensitivity Studies: Gather feedback from current and potential subscribers on their willingness to pay for Netflix’s services at different price points. This can help identify the optimal pricing strategy that balances revenue growth and customer retention.
  3. Test Alternative Pricing Models: Experiment with different pricing structures, such as tiered plans or bundled offerings, to assess their impact on subscriber acquisition and retention.

Hypothesis 4: User Experience and Personalization

The quality of the user experience and the effectiveness of Netflix’s personalization algorithms could also be contributing to the decline in renewal rates. If subscribers are dissatisfied with the platform’s usability or feel that the recommendations do not accurately reflect their preferences, they may be more inclined to cancel their subscriptions.To validate this hypothesis, Netflix should:

  1. Conduct Usability Testing: Gather feedback from current subscribers on the ease of navigation, content discovery, and overall user experience of the Netflix platform.
  2. Analyze Personalization Effectiveness: Assess the accuracy and relevance of Netflix’s recommendation algorithms in suggesting content that aligns with each subscriber’s preferences and viewing history.
  3. Monitor User Engagement Metrics: Track metrics such as time spent on the platform, content engagement, and subscriber feedback to identify areas for improvement in the user experience.


The decline in Netflix’s subscription renewal rates is a complex issue that requires a multifaceted approach to understand and address. By systematically testing the hypotheses outlined in this article and validating them through a combination of user feedback, data analysis, and market research, Netflix can gain valuable insights into the factors influencing its customer retention.Armed with these insights, Netflix can make informed decisions to improve its content strategy, pricing model, user experience, and personalization capabilities, ultimately driving higher subscription renewal rates and ensuring its continued success in the competitive streaming landscape.

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Rohit Verma
Writer for

Senior Product Manager @AngelOne, ex-@Flipkart, @Cleartrip @IIM Bangalore.