Install Knative with Istio on IBM Cloud: the hard way

In this tutorial, learn how easy it is to install Knative with Istio on IBM Cloud Kubernetes Service(IKS), build and push an image to IBM Cloud Container Registry and deploy a nodejs app.

Before jumping into the instructions, let’s quickly understand what Knative is and what are its key components.

Knative extends Kubernetes to provide the missing building blocks that developers need to create modern, source-centric, container-based, cloud-native applications.

Each of the components under the Knative project attempt to identify common patterns and codify the best practices shared by successful real-world Kubernetes-based frameworks and applications, such as:

  • orchestrating source-to-container workflows
  • routing and managing traffic during deployment
  • scaling and sizing resources based on demand
  • binding running services to eventing ecosystems

Knative focuses on the “boring but difficult” parts that everyone needs, but no one benefits from doing over again on their own. This in turn frees developers to spend more time writing application code, not worrying about how they are going to build, deploy, monitor, and debug it.

What are the Knative components?

Currently, Knative consists of the following top-level repositories:

  • build and build-templates — automatic, repeatable server-side container builds
  • serving — scale to zero, request-driven compute
  • eventing — management and delivery of events

We expect this list to grow as more areas are identified.


Prerequisites

Setup CLI

If you already have ibmcloud CLI installed with the ibmcloud plugins, you can skip these steps.

  • Install the cs (container-service) and cr (container-registry) plugins
$ ibmcloud plugin install container-service -r Bluemix$ ibmcloud plugin install container-registry -r Bluemix
  • Authorize ibmcloud:
$ ibmcloud login

Create a Kubernetes cluster and setup Istio

In this section, you will provision a Kubernetes cluster on IBM Cloud Kubernetes service(IKS) and install Istio + Knative components.

$ kubectl apply --filename https://raw.githubusercontent.com/knative/serving/master/third_party/istio-1.0.2/istio.yaml
Install Istio
  • Label the default namespace with istio-injection=enabled: kubectl label namespace default istio-injection=enabled
  • Monitor the Istio components until all of the components show a STATUS of Running or Completed: kubectl get pods --namespace istio-system
  • Follow the instructions for Installing Knative components on IKS cluster
  • To check Knative installation, run the below command
kubectl api-resources | grep knative

Requires kubectl client version 1.11 or above

To verify Knative installation

Build and Deploy the app

This section uses a rehash of helloworld-nodejs app. For code samples in other programming languages(Go, Python, C#, Java etc.,), refer Knative serving sample applications

  • Clone the repo and cd into the folder
$ git clone https://github.com/VidyasagarMSC/knative-deploy.git$ cd knative-deploy
  • Install dependencies
$ npm install
  • Build and Push the Docker image to IBM Cloud Container Registry by replacing <region> and <namespace> values
$ ibmcloud cr build -t registry.<region>.bluemix.net/<namespace>/knative-node-app .

Note: To check your region, run ibmcloud cr regionand to setup a new namespace, refer this link

  • In service.yaml, replace image value and run the below command
$ kubectl apply --filename service.yaml
  • To find the IP address for your service, use kubectl get svc knative-ingressgateway -n istio-system to get the ingress IP for your cluster. If your cluster is new, it may take sometime for the service to get assigned an external IP address.
$ export IP_ADDRESS=$(kubectl get svc knative-ingressgateway --namespace istio-system --output 'jsonpath={.status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].ip}')
  • To find the URL for your service, use kubectl get services.serving.knative.dev knative-node-app --output jsonpath='{.status.domain}'
$ export HOST_URL=$(kubectl get services.serving.knative.dev knative-node-app  --output jsonpath='{.status.domain}')
  • Now you can make a request to your app to see the result.
$ curl -H "Host: ${HOST_URL}" http://${IP_ADDRESS}Response: Knative Node App running on IBM Cloud

To Build a source into a container image from a Dockerfile inside a kubernetes cluster and push the image to IBM Cloud Container registry; all of this using Google’s Kaniko tool, follow the steps in the post

Cleanup

  • Run the below command to remove the sample app from your cluster
$ kubectl delete --filename service.yaml
  • To delete the cluster (removes everything), enter the following command:
$ ibmcloud cs cluster-rm $CLUSTER_NAME

Questions or concerns? Reach out on Twitter — VidyasagarMSC

Further reading

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Tech writings by Vidyasagar Machupalli

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vmacwrites

Tech writings by Vidyasagar Machupalli