The Challenger 2 tank covered in shrubbery and mounted by 3 British soldiers.

Explained: Meet the Challenger 2 tank heading to Ukraine

The Challenger 2 is the UKs main battle tank, designed to destroy other tanks and has been successfully employed across a number of conflict areas.

Ministry of Defence
Voices Of The Armed Forces
3 min readJan 16

Originally introduced into the British Army in 1994 to replace The Challenger 1 as a tank to destroy other tanks, The Challenger 2 has travelled the world on operations with the British Army including to Eastern Europe and Iraq.

Now the UK will be sending a squadron of Challenger 2 tanks to Ukraine to help accelerate the Ukrainian’s fight against Putin’s illegal invasion.

British Army Trains Ukrainian Tank Crews on Challenger 2

The Challenger 2 is unrivalled in its ability to place extreme pressure on the enemy causing them to break and retreat from its rapid and fully-committed advances.

They have played a vital role in NATO’s Enhanced Forward Presence (EFP) in the Baltic States, where a squadron of Challenger 2 tanks have been deployed in Estonia. This deployment seeks to enhance Euro-Atlantic security, reassure our allies and deter our adversaries.

A Challenger 2 main battle tank from the Kings Royal Hussars Battle Group during an international battle exercise.

What makes a Challenger 2?

Mass: 62.5 tonnes (61.5 long tons; 68.9 short tons), with a combat-ready weight of 75.0 tonnes (73.8 long tons; 82.7 short tons) with add-on armour modules.

Crew: 4 (commander, gunner, loader/operator, driver)

Main Armament: L30A1 120 mm rifled gun with 47 rounds

Secondary Armament: Coaxial 7.62 mm L94A1 chain gun EX-34 (chain gun), 7.62 mm L37A2 Operator/Loader’s hatch machine gun

Engine: Perkins CV12–6A V12 diesel 26.1 litres, 1,200 bhp (890 kW)

Suspension: Hydro-pneumatic suspension

Fuel capacity: 1,592 litres

Operational Range: 550 km (340 mi) on road, 250 km (160 mi) off-road on internal fuel

Maximum speed: 59 km/h (37 mph) on road, 40 km/h (25 mph) off-road

Kings Royal Hussar’s led eFP Battlegroup which demonstrated our ability to operate under the tactical command of the Estonian 1st Infantry Brigade.



Ministry of Defence
Voices Of The Armed Forces

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