Pfizer’s COVID-19 Vaccine is Authorized for Kids Ages 5 and Older

What your family needs to know

Big news, Washington families! After rigorous testing and months of clinical trials, the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine is now authorized for children ages 5–11. It’s emotional news for kids and parents alike.

For some, the assurance of a vaccine for your child may feel like a weight has finally lifted. Others may need some time to process the information. No matter how you feel, it’s OK to have questions. And it’s OK (and expected!) for your child to have questions, too.

In the coming weeks and months, we’ll discuss the vaccine and what it means for kids. We’re starting with just the facts.

Why is this important?

While children often have more mild cases of COVID-19 compared to adults, they can still become very sick and even die. COVID-19 has become one of the top 10 causes of pediatric death, and tens of thousands of children and teens have gotten really sick — some with long-lasting symptoms. And it’s hard to predict which kids may be at a higher risk.

The vaccine is the best way to protect children from becoming severely ill or having long-lasting health impacts due to COVID-19. Research shows COVID-19 vaccines offer better protection than natural immunity alone and that vaccines, even after prior infection, help prevent reinfection.

Vaccination is also the best way to help protect the more vulnerable people around your kids, like younger siblings, immunocompromised community members, grandparents, and other higher risk people. This can help us all slow COVID-19’s spread in our communities.

Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for this age group?

About 3,100 children ages 5 through 11 received the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine in clinical trials. Researchers found that the vaccine was nearly 91% effective in preventing COVID-19 in children ages 5 through 11. No serious side effects were detected in the study.

Is it the same vaccine older kids and adults got?

The needle used is also smaller, to accommodate for the smaller arms of kids this age.

Otherwise, the process for this vaccine is the same for people of all ages. Your child will receive two doses, three weeks apart. They’re considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose.

What are the side effects like?

In clinical trials, more children reported side effects after the second dose than after the first dose. Like adults, kids typically felt better in one to two days. If you have questions about side effects, it’s best to ask your child’s health care provider.

Who recommends the vaccine for kids?

How can I book an appointment?

Don’t get discouraged if you can’t get an appointment right away or need to contact a few health care providers. Initially, the COVID-19 vaccine doses for children may be limited. We expect supply to increase within a few weeks.

What should I do to prepare for an appointment?

  • Bring photo ID for your child if you have it. This is not required, but recommended.
  • Remember to book their second dose!
  • Take a photo of their vaccine card, or make a photocopy of it; and put the original card somewhere you won’t forget it. You can also sign up for WA Verify.

Will other vaccines be available for kids soon?

Will my child have to provide proof of vaccination to go to school or enter businesses?

Some places — like restaurants and concert venues — may ask for proof of vaccination for you and your eligible family members. It’s best to call a business first to find out their requirements.

To learn more about vaccinating kids, visit

More information

The COVID-19 vaccine is now available to everyone 5 and older. For more information about the vaccine, visit and use the vaccine locator tool to find an appointment. The COVID-19 vaccine is provided at no cost to you.

WA Notify can alert you if you’ve been near another user who tested positive for COVID-19. Add WA Notify to your phone today:

Answers to your questions or concerns about COVID-19 in Washington State may be found at our website. You can also contact the Department of Health call center at 1–800–525–0127 and press # from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. Monday, and 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. Tuesday — Sunday and observed state holidays. Language assistance is available.

Public Health Connection

From the Washington State Department of Health