Capital: Phnom Penh
Population: 15 Million
Access to Improved Sanitation: Only 6 million
Key Information: Cambodia’s recent history includes horrific genocide at the hands of the Khmer Rouge regime. It’s one of the poorest countries in SE Asia.
WTW’s Impact: Over 30,000 people have been reached with clean water.
Water Solutions Used: Well Construction, Latrine Construction, Ceramic Filtration, & WaSH Education(Water, Sanitation, & Hygiene)
Cambodia is located in Southeastern Asia with a population of 15, 708, 756. The country’s issues rooted from the reign of dictator Pol Pot. Afterwards, the country has been recovering from civil war and mass devastation. The water issues in Cambodia are split between status and area. The urban areas have 100% access to improved drinking water, however 30.9% of the rural population does not have access to an improved drinking water source. In terms of the rich and poor, the wealthy are 22 times as likely to have access to pipe water. The poor get the majority of their water from polluted ponds and rivers. The disparities in access to water, sanitation, and hygiene lead to 10,000 deaths from diarrhoeal disease. The access to water is hugely important to lower the burden of disease. Hygiene and Sanitation are equally as important, because 70% of the population practices open defecation. The need for latrines and education is evident, and both can decrease deaths from diarrhea 30% by latrine construction and 40% by hand washing. The country is in need for continued WaSH programs throughout rural areas. The people of Cambodia have a right to have access to clean water, proper sanitation facilities, and education.
Programs in Cambodia are focused on providing access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene. The programs cover the whole WaSH spectrum, because latrines, education, and water access are crucial to relieving the burden of disease in Cambodia. WTW is currently working in Svay Reing, with plans to expand in the upcoming year. In the 2016–2017 year, Wine to Water plans to drill 96 new wells, construct 120 new latrines, and distribute 600 ceramic filters.
Impact and Outcomes:
Since operations began in 2008, Wine to Water has provided clean water to an estimated 34,949 beneficiaries, with 3,391 beneficiaries reached in the 2015–2016 year. WaSH programs moving forward will primarily be focused on well drilling, latrine construction, and ceramic filter distribution. WaSH programs moving forward will primarily be focused on well repair and well drilling. The future impacts and outcomes will greatly increase as Wine To Water continues developing sustainable solutions to provide safe water access.