Isaiah Chapter 11 יְשַׁעְיָהוּ … 11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord will set His hand again the second time to recover the remnant of …
Noah Webster Bible 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots: World English Bible 11:1 There shall ….
Verses 1–9
This part deals with the unbroken continuity between the house of David with the coming messianic king, although the Davidic dynasty was ‘cut off to only a stump’ because of its pride and corruption.[6]
Verse 1
And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse,
and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:[7]
Cross reference: Isaiah 11:10
“Rod” (חטר khoṭır; also in Proverbs 14:3: or “branch” (צמח tsemach) in Isaiah 4:2 (a twig, a shoot); these words “are messianic terms.”[8]
“Jesse”: the father of king David (1 Samuel 16:1–20).[9] The naming assures the continuity of the messianic line, but serves as a reminder of David’s humble beginnings and divine election rather than on royal pretension and human pride (2 Samuel 7).[6]
“Branch” — (נצר nêtser). A twig, branch, sprout or shoot; a word of “messianic terms.”[8] The word occurs four times in the Hebrew Bible including this verse; the other three are Isaiah 60:21 : ‘They shall inherit the land forever, the branch of my planting;’ Isaiah 14:19 : ‘But thou art cast out of thy grave as an abominable branch;’ Daniel 11:7: ‘But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate.’ There is another word rendered “branch” (צמח tsemach) in Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15, although it means substantially the same thing. The word “branch” is also used in rendering several other Hebrew words, but here the word is synonymous with that which is rendered “rod” in the previous part of the verse — a shoot, or twig, from the root of a decayed tree.[10] The word “netser” or “netzer” is the name of the city of Nazareth;[11] which perhaps called like that because of the trees, plants, and grass, which grew here. Jesus Christ’s dwelling in this city fulfilled a prophecy, that he should be called a “Nazarene”; or an inhabitant of Netzer (Matthew 2:23). The Jews speak of one Ben Netzer, who they say was a robber, took cities, and reigned over them, and became the head of robbers;[12] and make him to be the little horn in Daniel 7:8,[13] which some implied that he was Jesus;[14] at the same time it tacitly acknowledges that Jesus of Nazareth is the “Netzer” this prophecy speaks of, but in a negative way, that he should be as “a root out of a dry ground” (Isaiah 53:2) or as “a rod and branch out of a dry root”.[15]
“Roots”: from a decayed tree where a shoot starts up. The Septuagint renders this, ‘And a flower (ἄνθος anthos) shall arise from the root’.[10] Chaldee version states ‘And a king shall proceed from the sons of Jesse, and the Messiah from his sons’ sons shall arise’, showing conclusively that the ancient Jews referred this to the Messiah.[10] In the Book of Revelation it is applied to Jesus Christ (Revelation 22:16).[10]
Verses 3–4
3 And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord.
He shall not judge by what his eyes see,
or decide disputes by what his ears hear,
4 but with righteousness he shall judge the poor,
and decide with equity for the meek of the earth;
and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his mouth,
and with the breath of his lips he shall kill the wicked.[16]
“And his delight shall be in the fear of the Lord” (English Standard Version): or “and shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord” (King James Version), translated from Hebrew: והריחו ביראת יהוה, wa-hă-rî-khōw bə-yir-’aṯ Yah-weh.[17]
Verse 6
“A world in perplexity” by Arthur Grosvenor Daniells (1918).
“The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb,
The leopard shall lie down with the young goat,
The calf and the young lion and the fatling together;
And a little child shall lead them.[18]
This verse and subsequent verses until verse 9 describe the peace of the Messiah’s kingdom, which is also described in the Targum: “in the days of the Messiah of Israel, peace shall be multiplied in the earth” and referred to the times of the Messiah in various Jewish literature, such as in Tzeror Hammor[19] and Maimonides[20] when the Israelites will dwell safely among ‘the wicked of the nations of the world’ (comparable to ‘the wild beasts of the field’).[15]
“A little child”: Bohlius interprets this with Jesus Christ[21] (cf. Isaiah 9:6) in particular observes, that they are not to be understood literally, as if the custom and order of things in the world would cease, or that things would be renewed as at the creation, but in a parabolical and enigmatical sense; and interprets them of[15]
Verse 9
They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.[22]
The message in this verse is echoed in chapter 65.[6]
Verse 10
“And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse,
Who shall stand as a banner to the people;
For the Gentiles shall seek Him,
And His resting place shall be glorious.”[23]
Cross reference: (a) Isaiah 11:1
(b) Isaiah 2:3; Isaiah 43:6; Isaiah 49:22; Isaiah 60:3; Isaiah 66:12
Cited by Apostle Paul in Romans 15:12
“Root of Jesse”: a sprout, shoot, or scion of the family of Jesse (cf. Isaiah 5:1).[10] This particular “root” (Hebrew: שׁרשׁ, shoresh) is still alive when the tree is dead, that it can send up a shoot or sprout; it is thus applied to him who should come out of the ancient and decayed family of Jesse (cf. Isaiah 53:2).[10] In Revelation 5:5, the Messiah is called ‘the” root” of David,’ and in Revelation 22:16, ‘the root and the offspring of David’.[10]
Verses 11–16
This part contains an eschatological prophecy (starting with “in that day”) about the restoration of Israel’s remnant who were scattered to the ends of the earth.[24]





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J. K. Woods

J. K. Woods

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