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5G — Connected World

5G is the 5th generation mobile network after 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects and devices.

On this Post

  1. Basics of 5G
  2. Types of Band in 5G
  3. Connectivity at Work — Use case in Healthcare

1. Basics of 5G

To understand the power of 5G we must first understand the basics of Electromagnetic Spectrum and where does the frequency of 5G lives.

Electromagnetic Spectrum is the range of the electromagnetic radiations and their respective wavelengths.

In this spectrum the frequency is stated in Hertz that is cycles per second. so if i say 10Hz then there are 10 cycles of waves per second

Cycles of waves per second

As the human civilization evolved we find applications in different segements of this spectrum

Applications in different spectrum

In our context the telecommunication waves that we use for calling, texting and internet lies between the Radio and Microwaves and within this range we have 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and 5G

Radiowaves

In between the 0.7GigaHertz and 40GigaHertz we are having the 5G spectrum (1GHz is equal to 10^9 Hz). And this is the place where the giants in Indian Telecom industries come in to buy the specific spectrums for themselves to kick start their business in 5G.

2. Types of Band in 5G

In 5G there are 3 types of band available that is

  • Low Band
  • Mid Band
  • High Band
Types of Band in 5G Spectrum

Out of these bands there were 3 specific bands where the Telecom giants in India were eager to acquire and each of them has a specific use that tells the volumes about their business plans.

700 MHz band frequency which was bought by Jio for 39,270 Crores is one of the efficient frequencies that provided high-internet on rural and dense areas and it is expected to give you a speed of around 300 Mbps. It is twice the speed of 900 MHz and much cheaper than the 1800 MHz frequency band.

The 700 MHz spectrum was the second highest bids in the auction.

3300 MHz — 3600 MHz band frequency which was bought by Jio, Airtel and VodafoneIdea for 80,590 Crores is very special because it can deliver a speed upto 1Gbps in a very economical way which is best for the Mass consumers.

If you are in the Tier 1 cities of India then you will be getting internet through these bands.

26 GHz band frequency was bought by Jio, Airtel, VodafoneIdea and Adani group for 14,709 Crores. This is an elite ultra low latency and ultra fast 5G band that promises speed upto 10Gbps and it is not for the consumers.

It is used exclusively for enterprise level to manage high grade Technologies like Manufacturing units and ports.

So to answer the question on Why Adani’s bought this Spectrum is to use it for industrial purpose and not for consumer purposes and these applications include Ports, Logistics, Datacenters and other B2B applications.

So we if compare the speeds such as 10Gbps we would think what is the big deal of increasing the speed. Where i can download a movie in 1 min with 4G and with 5G it can be done in 10 seconds so what is the big deal apart from it.

Here you should understand the changes that 5G is going to bring to the human civilizations which is covered on the next section.

3. Connectivity at Work — Use cases in Healthcare

Remote Patient Monitoring

Remote Patient Monitoring — Patient histories have gone from paper to electronic medical records. Data is increasingly being aggregated to develop new treatments and identify the most effective protocols. Solutions such as telemedicine are making consultations more convenient in advanced economies

Wherever they are, patients with wearable sensor devices on or underneath the skin can have frequent checks of vital readings such as heart rate, blood pressure, glucose level, and oxygen saturation.

The resulting data can be instantly transmitted on an advanced mobile connection for evaluation. These systems can signal both patients and care providers in real time if preventive measures are needed. This can avoid or shorten hospital stays and lower readmission rates.

Remote monitoring can help patients keep chronic diseases such as diabetes, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, heart failure, and hypertension under control while freeing them from constant medical appointments. Since these conditions and their complications drive an outsized share of healthcare spending, there are economic benefits as well.

AI-enabled decision support solutions — These tools put the latest information in the hands of healthcare professionals, including constantly updated, evidence-based protocols, electronic health records, and data from patient monitoring systems.

Decision support systems can now integrate AI, which can “learn” from very large datasets (such as patient histories, test results, and demographics as well as genetic profiles).

Solutions available as “software as a service” (SaaS) can give any care setting anywhere in the world decision support if the right infrastructure is in place. The combination of enhanced connectivity with high-bandwidth, low-latency networks plus expected advances in computing, storage, and sensors could enable healthcare providers to run these systems.

Integrated command centers — RFID and sensor tags installed across a hospital and bar-codes from patient bracelets and clinician tags can capture real-time data. When combined with short-range connectivity, multi-department healthcare organizations can gain a comprehensive view of operations.

A central dashboard can manage patient flows, ensuring that each person is in the most appropriate care setting, keeping beds available, and
optimizing staff scheduling.

Congratulations!!!

In this Post, we have seen the basics of 5G, types of bands in 5G and how 5G is going to be used in Healthcare industry. Will catch you up in a new post till then Happy Learning!!! :)

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Nidhin kumar

As a species, we have an inbuilt need to connect with others to communicate and share.