The Sad Story of Tom Waits’ “Georgia Lee”

Jeff Suwak
Jan 23, 2019 · 5 min read
Image for post
Image for post

Some songs feel diminished after we hear their backstory — their magic is tarnished, somehow, and their mystery lost. Other songs, however, are enhanced after we hear the stories that inspired them. Tom Waits’ “Georgia Lee” is one of the latter.

Mule Variations may be my favorite Waits album. I’ve listened to it beginning to end many times. Usually, I skipped right over “Georgia Lee.”

It wasn’t because “Georgia Lee” was a bad song or anything like that. For whatever reason, it just slid under the greatness of the rest of the album. I’d rather weird out to “What’s He Building In There?” or kick shit to “Filipino Box Spring Hog” or “Cold Water.”

Waits himself seemed to feel the same way, as the song was nearly left off the album. Ultimately, he decided to include it because his daughter remarked how sad it would be if Georgia Lee’s story was never heard. Waits felt she had a good point.

After hearing Lee’s story, I do too.

The Sad Life and Death of Georgia Lee Moses

Her full name name was Georgia Lee Moses.

She was 12 years old on the 1997 day she was abducted and murdered. They found her body in Petaluma, California. It’s a sad enough story, just knowing those facts. What’s sadder, however, is how the girl had already been abandoned and forgotten long before she died. Some even believe she may have survived her abduction if the community had reacted quicker to her disappearance.

The problem was that, until her body was found, few people even realized Moses existed.

Moses was a black girl and a middle school dropout. She lived with her disabled mother in extreme poverty. Stories circulated that she liked to “run around” (and some say there were underlying suggestions that her “running around” meant she was at fault for her own murder). She was a kid who’d slipped through the cracks. Just twelve.

Four years before Moses’ death, Polly Klaas, also twelve, went missing from the same Petaluma neighborhood. Her body was found 30 miles north, in Cloverdale.

Search for Klaas’ name and you’ll find no end of information on the story. Wynona Ryder dedicated her Little Women performance to her. The girl’s death prompted national mourning and inspired California and other states to sign the Three Strikes Rule, which was intended to keep violent offenders off the streets permanently.

Klaas’ story is undoubtedly sad and by no means undeserved or unwarranted. The thing that many did and do consider sad, however, is that Georgia Lee Moses initially received nothing close to the kind of attention that Klaas did.

“Not to make it a racial matter,” Waits told L.A. Weekly (Lloyd, 1999), “but it was one of those things where, you know, she’s a black kid, and when it comes to missing children and unsolved crimes, a lot of it has to do with timing, or publicity . . . and there was this whole Polly Klaas Foundation up here, while Georgia Lee did not get any real attention. And I wanted to write a song about it.”

I’ve read a lot about this case. I have no idea if Moses’ race or socioeconomic status were really the reason for her being handled so differently than Klaas’ by the media and the authorities. They very well may have been. There also very well may have been other factors at play. I don’t know and I’m not here to make that the central issue.

Personally, my heart just breaks for the kid. She’d not been given much of a chance at life. At 12 years old she was living wild, unsupervised, with no real hope in sight. There were warning signs galore that she was in trouble, but the authorities and her community failed to notice.

At an age when her biggest concerns should have been dealing with crushes and math tests and intramural sports, she was floating around in a bleak universe where no one seemed to care overly much about her.

Then, it was simply too late.

In the chorus for “Georgia Lee,” Waits asks,

Why wasn’t God watching?
Why wasn’t God listening?
Why wasn’t God there
for Georgia Lee?

It’s a naive question, I know.

There is no God and no meaning and life means nothing and we’re just philosophical cowards for needing to believe otherwise and yadda yadda yadda. I get it.

Still, I can’t help but ask myself these questions when I hear such a story. The idea that this young girl received so little justice in life seems even sadder considering the possibility that there was no afterlife in which that could be rectified.

Moses’ murderer has never been captured (Templeton, 2017). Thankfully (if there is anything to really be thankful about in the midst of such a sad tale), Moses’ death led to something positive. She directly inspired the creation of the Sonoma County Children’s Village.

Her name is also memorialized in Waits’ haunting song. I don’t skip over this one anymore.

What had once been a flyover track for me has now become one of the Mule Variations songs I most admire. I won’t say it’s a “favorite,” because how can such a terrible tale really be a favorite? But, I appreciate and admire the song for what it is. It tells a story that needed to be told. That’s how I see it, anyway.

Faced with such tragedy, my last impulse is to condemn or accuse. I prefer to honor the girl in my own little way and to try my best to keep my eyes open for any other kids who’ve fallen into her situation and that I may be in position to help.

Anyway, I ramble. Check out the song. Or, if you already know it, check it out again knowing the full story behind it.

It’s worth the listen.

Lloyd, Robert. “Gone North, Tom Waits, upcountry”. L.A. Weekly. April 23–29, 1999.

Templeton, David. “Remembering the victim of Petaluma’s sad unsolved murder”. Argus Courier. August 27, 2017.

Copyright 2019 Jeff Suwak


Music and books

Jeff Suwak

Written by

My creative writing’s been published in Stupefying Stories, Dimension6, Spark, Plasma Frequency, Lit Up, other places. I also do music journalism.



Music and books

Jeff Suwak

Written by

My creative writing’s been published in Stupefying Stories, Dimension6, Spark, Plasma Frequency, Lit Up, other places. I also do music journalism.



Music and books

Welcome to a place where words matter. On Medium, smart voices and original ideas take center stage - with no ads in sight. Watch
Follow all the topics you care about, and we’ll deliver the best stories for you to your homepage and inbox. Explore
Get unlimited access to the best stories on Medium — and support writers while you’re at it. Just $5/month. Upgrade

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store