ZMQuant|General things you need to know about Market Maker

Published in
5 min readFeb 18, 2023


What is market making?

Market making is a financial activity where market makers, typically financial institutions or individuals, buy and sell securities in a particular market to provide liquidity and ensure that there is always a buyer or seller available for that security at any given time.

The primary goal of market making is to facilitate trading in financial markets and ensure that there is a constant flow of buying and selling activity. This helps to provide a stable market where investors can buy or sell securities at fair prices and with minimal slippage.

Market makers profit by buying securities at the bid price and selling them at the ask price, or vice versa, thereby earning the difference between the two prices known as the bid-ask spread. Market makers must manage their inventory of securities and adjust their bid and ask prices in response to market conditions, which can be a complex and risky activity.

Market making is an important function in financial markets as it helps to ensure that markets are efficient and provide fair prices for investors, thereby facilitating the allocation of capital and resources in the economy.

What is market making in crypto?

Market makers play a critical role in the crypto ecosystem as they help to maintain stable prices by providing liquidity and reducing price volatility. They ensure that there are always enough buyers and sellers in the market, making it easier for traders to buy or sell cryptocurrencies at a fair price. Market makers can also help to create new trading opportunities by introducing new trading pairs or adding liquidity to existing ones.

To be successful, market makers in the crypto industry use sophisticated trading algorithms and advanced risk management techniques to ensure that their strategies are profitable and sustainable. They constantly analyze market data to adjust their bid and ask prices based on market trends and news, and they use hedging strategies to manage their risk exposure.

Overall, market-making is a crucial aspect of the crypto industry, as it helps to create a healthy and vibrant trading environment that benefits all participants. It is an essential service that enables traders to access the liquidity they need to execute their trades efficiently and at a fair price.

Is market-making in crypto profitable?

Market-making in crypto can be a profitable activity for those who are able to execute their strategies effectively. However, it is important to note that market-making involves a significant amount of risk, and there is no guarantee of profits. The profitability of market-making in crypto depends on a variety of factors, such as the volatility and liquidity of the asset being traded, the effectiveness of the trading algorithms, and the quality of the risk management strategy.

One of the main advantages of market-making in crypto is the potential for significant profits due to the high volatility of many crypto assets. For example, a market maker could buy a cryptocurrency during a dip in its price and then sell it during a period of high demand, realizing a significant profit.

However, market-making also involves significant risks. For example, sudden price swings can result in losses if a market maker’s trading positions are not adequately hedged. Additionally, there may be periods of low liquidity or reduced trading activity, which can limit the opportunities for profitable trades.

Successful market makers in crypto employ a range of strategies to maximize their profits while minimizing their risk exposure. For instance, they may use statistical models to predict price movements and adjust their bid and ask prices accordingly. They may also use advanced trading algorithms to automate the trading process and ensure optimal execution of their trades. Additionally, market makers in crypto may use hedging strategies to manage their risk exposure, such as holding offsetting positions in other assets or derivatives, or adjusting their exposure based on changing market conditions.

Who can be a crypto market maker?

The role of a market maker in crypto is to provide liquidity to the market by simultaneously placing buy and sell orders for a particular cryptocurrency or token. This helps to ensure that there are always buyers and sellers in the market, making it easier for traders to buy or sell their assets at a fair price.

Professional trading firms are often the most common type of market maker in the crypto industry. These firms have the necessary resources and technology to execute sophisticated trading strategies and to provide liquidity to the market in an efficient and effective manner. They often use advanced algorithms and high-frequency trading techniques to automate their trading activities and reduce risk.

However, many cryptocurrency exchanges also offer market-making programs that allow individual traders and investors to provide liquidity to the platform in return for rewards. These programs typically have specific requirements for participation, such as a minimum trading volume or a certain level of liquidity.

Individual traders and investors who wish to become market makers in crypto must have a strong understanding of the market dynamics and trading strategies, as well as access to the necessary technology and resources. They may need to invest in advanced trading software, such as trading bots, to execute their trading strategies efficiently and effectively.

Overall, becoming a market maker in crypto requires a high level of knowledge, experience, and resources. While professional trading firms may have an advantage in this regard, there are also opportunities for individual traders and investors to participate in market-making activities and earn a profit by providing liquidity to the market.

How market makers work?

Market makers play a critical role in maintaining liquidity, efficiency, and stability in financial markets.

To do this, market makers first set bid-ask spreads, which is the difference between the highest price that buyers are willing to pay (bid) and the lowest price that sellers are willing to accept (ask). Market makers earn a profit by buying securities at the bid price and selling them at the ask price. They aim to maintain a narrow bid-ask spread to attract more trading volume.

In addition to providing liquidity, market makers also manage risk by continuously monitoring market conditions and adjusting their positions. They use various risk management tools, such as stop-loss orders, to limit their losses and maintain their capital adequacy.

Market makers may also offer price improvement, which means executing trades at prices that are better than the publicly quoted bid and ask prices. This can help to attract more trading volume and benefit both buyers and sellers.

About ZMQ

ZMQ is a Leading Global Quantitative Market Maker and liquidity provider in Digital Assets. Since jumping into the crypto market in 2018, ZMQ has been focusing on providing liquidity globally for token projects and exchanges, institutional crypto investments and consulting services to bring better price discovery, trading executions, transparency to investors and efficient pricing to the market.

If you have any new ideas about crypto market making and liquidity service, please reach out to us at!


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