DFRLab
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DFRLab

@DFRLab

Dec 8, 2021

9 min read

How Russia is placing troops and equipment near the Ukraine border

Open-source evidence throughout 2021 shows Russian military buildup along Ukraine’s eastern borders and in Crimea

Screenshots of Buk-M3, 2S1, and other equipment from the 34th MRB moving to Kerch, Crimea, with the Russian word for “rushed” superimposed on them. (Source: TikTok)
Map outlining key locations in the current military buildup in Crimea and on the Ukraine border. (Source: DFRLab via OpenStreetMaps)
November 1: satellite imagery of Yelnya camp. (Source: trbrtc/archive)
December 6: Satellite imagery of Yelnya camp. (Source: Mike_Eckel/archive)
Screenshots show the 55th Mountain Motor Rifle Brigade moving to Yelnya. (Source: TikTok, TikTok)
Satellite imagery of the Opuk training area in Crimea on November 10 versus December 5, showing an increase in occupancy. (Source: DFRLab via Sentinel-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar imagery on Sentinel Playground)
Screenshot shows 2S1s from the 34th Motor Rifle Brigade waiting to be shipped to Crimea. (Source: TikTok)
Screenshots of Buk-M3, 2S1, and other equipment from the 34th MRB moving to Kerch, Crimea, with the Russian word for “rushed” superimposed on them. (Source: TikTok)
Screenshot shows a convoy of T-72s tanks from the 58th CAA moving through Krasnodar, Russia. (Source: TikTok)
Screenshots show Nona-S from the 249th AAR moving from Stavropol, Russia, to Crimea. (Source:TikTok)
Screenshots show equipment from the 31st AAB moving from Ulyanovsk to Crimea. The Russian text reads, “The train is going south.” (Source:TikTok)
Maxar imagery showing 58th CAA assets at Novoozerne. (Source: Twitter/Mike_Eckel)
Tweet showing satellite imagery of the Pogonovo training grounds. (Source: Twitter/Konrad Muzyka — Rochan Consulting / archive)
Screenshots showing 1st Guards Tank Army assets at Maslovka station. (Source: TikTok/hellinchuf)
Roadside imagery of TOS-1A at Maslovka station. (Source: VK)
Geolocation of BM-27 column moving north through Novaya Usman. (Source: TikTok, Google Maps)
BMP-3 heading to Valuyki. (Source: Twitter/GirkinGirkin)
Satellite imagery of the garrison at Soloti, showing increase in occupancy from October 29 to December 5. (Source: Planet Labs)