Blog about Physical Therapy By Dr. Anand Vaghasiya (PT, MIAP)

You have an injury. All you can think about is the pain. Do you reach for the heating pad or the ice pack? Which will help the most? We treat everything from arthritis to pulled muscles to inflammation with ice packs or heating pads. Treating pain with hot and cold can be extremely effective for several different conditions and injuries, and easily affordable.

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The tricky part is knowing what situations call for hot, and which calls for cold. Sometimes a single treatment will even include both. Warmth seems inviting, but you know that cold is a very helpful therapy. It…

Cryotherapy, which literally means “cold therapy,” is a technique where the body is exposed to extremely cold temperatures for several minutes. The application of cold to the tissues after the injury is a practice as old as medicine itself.

Cryotherapy can be delivered to just one area, or you can opt for whole-body cryotherapy. Localized cryotherapy can be administered in several ways, including ice packs, ice massage, coolant sprays( instant evaporation of volatile fluids), ice baths, and even through probes administered into the tissue. often the skin temperature is being reduced as low as 10-degree Celcius.

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Ice therapy is used…

IFT is one of the Pain Modulating Modality which is clinically Proven and widely used by Physiotherapist to modulate pain. The word ‘Interferential’ suggests some sort of interference and this basis for the name of this current. Interferential currents (IFC) Therapy is two different kHz frequency alternating currents applied in a continuous rhythm. The currents have a slightly different frequency (for example, one might be 4000 Hz, the other 4050 Hz).

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The original interferential stimulators used sinusoidal AC at a frequency of 4 kHz. kHz frequencies make it little difference whether the shape is sinusoidal, rectangular or triangular. Interferential stimulators…

What are the three hamstring muscles? it is Biceps femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus.

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Where is the hamstring muscle located? Right Behind your Thighs, The hamstrings are a group of four muscles located in the back of the thigh. They run from the pelvis down to the knee and help bend the knee and extend the hip. The hamstrings are quite susceptible to injury.

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Biceps femoris

The biceps femoris is the muscle of the back thigh. its name says itself…

Stretching is a form of physical exercise which helps you to increase flexibility in means of mobility-related to Muscle. A physiotherapist uses stretching as a manipulative technic to increase the flexibility of muscles. What stretching actually does to your body?

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Photo by LOGAN WEAVER on Unsplash

Longer immobilization can result in contracture, and sometimes it becomes irreversible. so stretching helps to maintain and develop flexibility for a prolonged period of time.

Is it OK to stretch every day? Stretching works on the flexibility principle and it is totally okay to stretch every day, but at least you should know about proper stretching techniques and it should…

Definition Of Voluntary or Active Movement is Movement performed or controlled by the voluntary action of muscles, working in opposition to an external force.

Classification Of Active Exercise

Free Exercise: The working muscles are subject only to the forces of gravity acting upon the part moved or stabilized.

Assisted Exercise: When muscle strength or co-ordination is inadequate to perform a movement an external force is applied to compensate for the deficiency.

Assisted — resisted Exercise: Muscles may be strong enough to work against resistance in part of the range and not in others. …

Movement in the spine and hip joint makes it possible for the pelvis to be established in a variety of Positions. it may be inclined or tilted in anteroposterior directions, laterally or rotated. which is known as Pelvic Tilt.

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Types of Pelvic tilt

  1. anteroposterior Tilt
  2. lateral tilting
  3. Rotation of Pelvis

1) Anteroposterior Tilt:

pelvic tilt measurement is performed in three ways in the erect position. It is possible to measure the angle at which the imaginary line is drawn through the pubic symphysis and the lumbosacral angle in relation to the horizontal line. …

One method of measuring the effectiveness of a resistance exercise program and calculating an appropriate exercise load for training is to determine a repetition maximum. This term was first reported decades ago by DeLorme in his investigations of an approach to resistance training called progressive resistive exercise (PRE).

A repetition maximum (RM) is defined as the greatest amount of weight (load) a muscle can move through the full, available ROM with control a specific number of times before fatiguing.

Use of a repetition maximum.

There are two main reasons for determining a repetition maximum:

  1. To document a baseline measurement of the dynamic strength of a…

While working at home, the number of cases of the rotator cuff and other like muscle tear and joint effusion is a common problem. There isn’t an exact definition of a massive rotator cuff tear. Sometimes the severity is expressed by the number of tendons that are torn, sometimes by the size of the tear.

These rotator cuff tears can be further divided into 5 categories (according to Collin et al.)

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Type A: supraspinatus & superior subscapularis tears

Type B: supraspinatus and entire subscapularis tears

Type C: supraspinatus, superior subscapularis & infraspinatus tears

Type D: supraspinatus & infraspinatus tears


Fibromyalgia, also sometimes called fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), is a long-term condition that causes pain all over the body in a specific way. fibromyalgia is a noninflammatory, nondegenerative, nonprogressive disorder, still, several factors may affect the severity of symptoms. Fibromyalgia is the second most common condition affecting your bones and muscles with pain and still, it is often misdiagnosed and misunderstood. classic symptoms of fibromyalgia are muscle and joint pain and fatigue with less activity.

symptoms of fibromyalgia are,

  • fatigue (extreme tiredness)
  • increased sensitivity to pain
  • headaches
  • trouble sleeping
  • (nonrestorative sleep)
  • dry eyes
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • pain or a dull ache in the lower belly
  • sleeping…

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