A Stoic Understanding of Evil

Everybody is Innocent

Steven Gambardella
The Sophist
Published in
10 min readDec 21, 2023

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Hieronymus Bosch, The Seven Deadly Sins and the Four Last Things (detail), c. 1500.(Public Domain. Source: Wikimedia Commons)

One of the fundamental ideas of Stoicism is that there is no good or bad in the world, only in the mind.

All that is in the world is “indifferent”. We may prefer some indifferents such as money, and disprefer others, such as disease, but they are all morally neutral in terms of good and bad.

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