Minnesota Solar Incentives, Tax Credits & Rebates 2024

Solar Power Systems
13 min readJan 7, 2024

Harnessing the sun’s boundless vigor, Minnesota strides forward as a vanguard of renewable revolution, championing solar energy amidst a tapestry of environmental imperatives. Solar incentives in the Land of 10,000 Lakes in 2024 illuminate the pathway for homeowners and businesses alike, to pivot towards a more sustainable, environmentally-conscious existence. The state’s solar incentives, inclusive of tax credits and rebates, are not merely financial instruments; they are harbingers of a cleaner, more resilient energy framework, symbiotic with Minnesota’s progressive climate action goals. The significance of solar energy as a cornerstone among renewable resources is augmented by state-specific laws, regulations, and the state’s distinctive climate archetypes. Minnesota’s farsighted policies, such as the Solar*Rewards program and the state’s own solar energy standard, bolster investment in solar infrastructure, thereby catalyzing a pivotal reduction in carbon footprints. This nexus of economic and ecological incentives crafts a compelling narrative for Minnesotans — individuals can embrace solar power not only as an ethical pivot but also as a sage economic move. The solar investment tax credit (ITC), property tax exemptions for solar system installations, and utility-based incentives are nuanced offerings tailored to Minnesota’s residents, empowering them to bask in the dual radiance of cost savings and sustainable living.

Get Solar Quote in Minnesota

Navigating the thriving solar landscape in Minnesota can feel akin to steering through a labyrinth of neverending energy options, yet snagging a personalized solar quote is a linchpin for any savvy consumer. The Gopher State, blazed by a renewable energy standard requiring utilities to source 25% of their power from renewable resources by 2025, provides fertile grounds for solar gains, making the procurement of a tailored solar quote not only vital but an electrifying opportunity. Start by unfurling your energy bills to gauge historical consumption — a de facto blueprint for your solar needs. Next, harness the power of your roof’s real estate; its orientation, pitch, and shading storyboard your solar potential.

But here’s the kicker — Solar Power Systems has meticulously scoured Minnesota’s solar terrain, analyzing sundry installers through a rigorous lens of local regulations, incentive labyrinths, and the state’s unique climate canvas, punctuated by its chilly winters and amiable summers. We’ve decoded the inscrutable terms and dissected the dizzying array of solar incentives like the Solar*Rewards program and Xcel Energy’s Solar Rewards Community, ensuring that solar adventurers are not left in the dark. Our research translates into a curated list of premier installers, streamlining your journey towards a custom quote that resonates with the environmental tapestry and policy fabric of Minnesota. Thus, with pinpoint precision, you’re equipped to harvest the sun’s bountiful rays, cutting through the noise with a quote that mirrors the bespoke energy portrait of your abode under the North Star.

Overview of Solar Energy Landscape in Minnesota

Minnesota may not snag the spotlight as a sun-soaked paradise, yet its solar energy landscape is robust, belying commonplace expectations. Contrary to the frosty reputation, the state’s solar potential glimmers with promise. The Land of 10,000 Lakes sits pretty with solar insolation rates close to regions like Houston and Miami during the summer solstice, an untold story with significant implications on the solar front. The solar irradiance levels in Minnesota prompt a surprising energetic yield. Coupled with the state’s forward-thinking Solar Rewards program and the Value of Solar Tariff (VOST), renewable proponents find a fertile ground to make solar investments shimmer.

Further propelling the solar surge are Minnesota’s mandates, including the Solar Energy Standard, which nudges utilities towards gleaning 1.5% of their power from the sun. There’s a special emphasis on community solar gardens, blossoming across the state, which feed local energy grids while providing residents and businesses innovative channels to tap into solar without the need for individual panel installations. As Minnesotians embrace renewables, supported by state policy frameworks and a climate surprisingly conducive to solar collection, the state transforms into an unsuspecting solar sanctuary, poised to exceed targets and reshape its energy narrative.

Types of Solar Incentives in Minnesota

Minnesota, an ever-burgeoning solar market, winks tantalizing incentives toward those eager to embrace clean energy. The North Star State harnesses a quilt work of financial sunbeams through ingenious tax credits, rebates, and grants, specifically tailored to reduce the economic heft of solar installation. Dance with the Solar*Reward, an Xcel Energy program propelling rebates per kilowatt-hour of solar power produced; this program sways with the winds of state policy, targeting small-scale residential to medium-sized commercial systems. Residential customers can harvest a 26% Federal Investment Tax Credit (ITC) on the installation of solar panels, a radiant opportunity that now synergizes with Minnesota’s own tax exemptions.

Here we see solar equipment sales, electrifyingly exempt from Minnesota’s state sales tax, while property tax exclusions for solar array value spike the allure of going solar. The Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program, although it’s been sunsetted, outlined how state-specific initiatives can boost local manufacturing and adoption rates by wielding a dynamic mix of rebates for solar equipment produced within the state’s borders. This model spotlights how localized incentives can stir economic activity and sustainable energy practices in harmony. Bolstered by net metering policies ensuring full retail credit for excess solar production, Minnesota has planted itself firmly on the solar grid, radiating a clear path for clean energy enthusiasts to follow.

Benefits of Solar Panels in Minnesota

Minnesota, a state often painted with snowy vistas and bursts of crisp, artic air, is actually a goldmine for solar energy harvesting — a revelation for the environmentally conscientious and the economically savvy homeowner. Here the long summer days act as an efficacious energy caucus, offering an abundant influx of solar radiation that is ripe for the taking with the right photovoltaic system. By converting to solar power, Minnesotans are not only commandeering the sun’s bounty to mitigate their carbon footprint but also capitalizing on local incentives such as the Solar Rewards program and the state’s net metering policy, which serves as a boon for both the state’s economy and the sustainability initiatives.

From an economic standpoint, homeowners relish the palpable decrease in utility bills, with potential savings skyrocketing over time as traditional energy costs ebb to new highs. The solar installations inflame the local job market, too, kindling opportunities for skilled labor, sales, and various support roles within the solar sector. Add to this the increase in property values for solar-equipped homes, and you have a kaleidoscope of financial incentives complementing the robust environmental benefits. Concurrently, the local community thrives as less strain is placed on the grid, reducing the need for costly infrastructure upgrades and keeping more green, both in terms of foliage and finance, in Minnesota.

Federal Solar Tax Credit (ITC)

In the renewable energy constellation, the Federal Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC) shines as a beacon of fiscal incentives for Minnesota residents keenly seeking to harness solar power. As of 2024, the ITC allows homeowners and businesses to deduct a substantial 30% of the cost of installing a solar energy system from their federal taxes, a percentage that salutes the commitment to green energy transition. This percentage comes as a revitalized rally of support for sustainable practices, reinstated after previous scheduled step-downs, effectively igniting a new era of solar installations across Minnesota’s diverse climate spectrum.

Navigating the nuances of Minnesota’s legislative landscape reveals that this tax credit is unrestricted by both system size and overall cost, leading to an enthralling opportunity for scalability and mass adoption within the Land of 10,000 Lakes. Climate considerations further catalyze the strategic import of the ITC in Minnesota’s market, as the region’s crisp sunlight provides an ample photovoltaic playground — even amidst frosty winters — fortifying the state’s stance as a burgeoning bastion for solar deployment. In stark alignment with state-specific Renewable Portfolio Standards, the ITC dovetails with local rebates and incentives, propelling Minnesota towards a shimmering horizon of energy autonomy and economic vibrancy. Keep in mind, however, that while the ITC ingeniously slices the upfront costs, it is imperative for residents to grasp its non-refundable nature, thereby necessitating sufficient tax liability to leverage the credit in its full splendor.

State Solar Tax Credits and Rebates

In the land of 10,000 lakes, Minnesota shines as a beacon for solar aficionados, leveraging state-specific tax credits and rebates that turbocharge the transition to solar energy. The Minnesota Solar Energy Incentive Program, spearheaded by the Minnesota Department of Commerce, serves as a golden key that unlocks a treasure chest of rebates for residential, commercial, and community solar projects. One standout feature of the state’s solar strategy is the Solar*Rewards program, offered through Xcel Energy, which dangles a tantalizing carrot in the form of incentives for smaller solar systems — feeding a direct payment each year based on the system’s electricity production for up to 10 years. On the tax front, Minnesotans can bask in the glory of the Solar Energy Sales Tax Exemption, which banishes sales tax on any solar energy system’s installation, ensuring residents can embrace the power of the sun without the shadow of sales tax looming over them. Not to be eclipsed, the state’s property tax exemption for solar energy systems means that the added value from solar panels won’t pump up a homeowner’s property tax bill — a savvy nod to green investment. The convergence of climatic suitability, progressive legislature, and potent financial incentives has positioned Minnesota as a solar powerhouse, emboldening homeowners and businesses alike to harness solar energy with economic glee.

Financing Options and Solar Loans

In the dynamic landscape of Minnesota, where solar energy is gaining traction faster than a snowmelt in the spring, financing options for solar installations are as diverse and accessible as the lakes dotting the land of 10,000 Lakes. The fiscal climate for solar investment in this northern state is positively brisk, with options that range from Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) to leasing, enabling Minnesotans to harness the sun’s rays without an upfront financial blizzard. However, the real pièce de résistance of Minnesota’s solar financing scene is the Solar*Rewards program, an incentive that offers additional payments for solar energy production over ten years, turning residential roofs into mini renewable revenue streams.

Diving deeper into state-backed pecuniary streams, the Minnesota Department of Commerce facilitates the Solar Energy Loan Program. This specific program lights the way for citizens and small businesses to secure low-interest loans, making the switch to solar as smooth as ice skating on a freshly Zambonied lake. The state encourages residents to take advantage of Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing as well, merging eco-conscious aspirations with fiscal prudence. PACE allows property owners to finance solar installations through property tax assessments, effectively making a solar upgrade an integral part of the property. Given Minnesota’s ample sunlight exposure despite its cold climes, these financing options are nuggets of gold in the North Star State’s renewable resource chest.

Net Metering and Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs)

In the brisk, progressive state of Minnesota, a solar surge is supercharged by the state’s favorable net metering policy, an instrument offering considerable savings to solar panel owners. Net metering in Minnesota is available to residential solar power systems up to 40 kW, allowing excess energy to flow back to the grid in exchange for credits, which can vault through billing cycles, effectively dialing back electricity costs. This interplay between solar array production and consumption is not only an economically savvy move for Minnesotans, who reap the rewards of their investment by slashing their utility bills, but also a bipartisan triumph, bolstering renewable energy’s footprint.

Moreover, while Minnesota does not have a Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) market as robust as some other states, its own iteration, the Solar Energy Production Incentive, lavishes solar adopters with additional financial incentives. Under this program, Xcel Energy and other utilities endorse solar generation by disbursing payments based on the kWh produced, sweetening the solar pot. This reinforces solar installation as a uniquely advantageous venture in Minnesota’s climate, despite its northern latitude, offering a silver lining to those grappling with the state’s snowy disposition. Thus, local policies in Minnesota craft a hospitable atmosphere for solar energy, turning the state into a tapestry woven with solar threads, where each panel is a radical step towards a renewable future.

Additional Incentives and Local Programs

Diving into the eclectic realm of Minnesota’s clean energy incentives, solar enthusiasts are greeted with a treasure trove of local programs that boost the state’s solar appeal. Beyond the already formidable Federal Solar Tax Credit (ITC), Minnesota shines with Xcel Energy’s Solar*Rewards program, offering additional financial perks for residential solar panel installations. This utility-based initiative dazzles with its performance-based incentive, paying out on a per-kilowatt-hour basis for the solar energy produced, enriching the solar investment landscape for Minnesotans.

At the same time, the state’s solar narrative is turbocharged with the Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program. This initiative is a golden ticket for those choosing locally manufactured panels, infusing the local economy and encouraging Minnesotan ingenuity. Moreover, the Twin Cities area is ablaze with group-buying prowess, where programs like Solar Twin Cities ignite community-wide engagement, creating collective bargaining power that drives down the costs for individual members to substantially less than the market rate, simultaneously amplifying solar adoption rates across neighborhoods.

Last but not least, the concept of community solar gardens flourishes in Minnesota, with programs like Cooperative Energy Futures pioneering the movement to democratize solar energy. This offers those with shaded roofs or renting their homes the chance to revel in solar savings through shared projects. Such innovative schemes have positioned Minnesota as a kaleidoscope of solar opportunity, tailoring an energy revolution that’s as inclusive as it is transformative, and setting a nationwide benchmark for local solar empowerment.

Eligibility Criteria and How to Apply

In the sun-drenched terrain of Minnesota, the eligibility criteria for solar incentives and rebates pulsate with opportunity for those keen to harness the sun’s rays. Mirroring the state’s environmental ethos, the Minnesota Solar Rewards program nudges homeowners toward photovoltaic (PV) adoption, offering a kaleidoscope of fiscal perks for systems under 40 kW — but to bask in these benefits, one’s energy stead must be Xcel Energy-serviced. Additionally, the Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program spotlights locally produced PV and thermal systems, radiating economic support and fostering green innovation. To tap into these solar flares of financial aid, your rooftop must be untainted by shade and your system requires certification for performance and safety by a state-sanctioned electrician.

Application galvanization commences with a solar assessment — leveraging sites like the DSIRE database for incentive intel. Post green-light for feasibility, one must hitch a ride on the sunbeam of submissions by consulting an accredited solar installer, the maestro who’ll harmonize your application with state requirements. These solar stalwarts will aid navigation through the circuitry of paperwork. It’s essential to zigzag through the Xcel Energy Solar Rewards online portal or the Clean Energy Resource Teams (CERTs) pathways — these resources serve as your compass to the treasure trove of tax credits, net metering pacts, and rebate riches. Bureaucratic labyrinths may seem daunting, but persistent solar seekers are often rewarded with a gilded, eco-effulgent abode.

Case Studies or Success Stories

Navigating the shimmering landscape of Minnesota’s renewable energy incentives, residents and businesses are harnessing the sun’s power in increasingly innovative ways. In the North Star State, Xcel Energy’s Solar*Rewards program coalesces with the Federal Solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC) to make solar installations a scintillating prospect. For instance, the Rivertown Community in Red Wing illuminated their commitment to sustainability by deploying a 40-kilowatt rooftop array, trimming down their energy bills by a staggering amount while locking in a lucrative rebate through the Solar*Rewards initiative.

On another front, Minneapolis Public Schools undertook a solar transformation by incorporating photovoltaic systems across multiple campuses, buoyed by the Made in Minnesota Solar Incentive Program. This strategic move crystallized into a dual triumph, slicing their carbon footprint while funneling savings back into educational resources. Similarly, a suite of solar arrays in Duluth, beckoned into existence by local businesses capitalizing on Net Metering policies, now bask in the glory of reduced operational costs, weaving energy independence into the very fabric of their financial planning.

Minnesota’s zealous embrace of solar incentives showcases a beacon of progress, where both urban and rural entities are burgeoning through tailored solar solutions. These cases are merely the trailblazers in the broader narrative of a state galvanized towards a solar-powered zenith, harnessing the economic and environmental winds of change with each sunrise.


In the ever-evolving solar landscape of 2024, the land of 10,000 lakes shines brightly as a beacon for solar investment. Minnesota’s solar incentives have reached an unprecedented zenith, offering residents a golden opportunity to join the renewable energy revolution with enticing financial perks. The state’s innovative programs — tailored to its unique regulatory framework and bolstered by federal tax incentives — make solar installations a more accessible and financially savvy move for homeowners and businesses alike. Free solar panel programs, thanks to specific Minnesota grants and rebates, offer a cost-free entry point into solar ownership, a phenomena scarce in other regions. Adding to that, the Solar*Rewards program, available for Xcel Energy customers, continues to reward small-scale solar producers with lucrative, ongoing incentives for the energy they generate. The state’s net metering policy further sweetens the deal, crediting solar users for excess power added to the grid, ensuring that those vibrant summer days generate value well into the snowy season. In embracing these benefits, Minnesotans not only capitalize on significant savings but also contribute to a greener state, effectively lowering their carbon footprint in a climate-conscious era. The time is ripe for tapping into Minnesota’s rich tapestry of solar incentives, where the investment in solar technology is not just an energy choice but a transformative stride for sustainability and long-term economic benefit.

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