THREE GUNAS — MODES
All the variety of species of life created be, By combination of three basic material energy; - 45 — These Guna modus operandi of material energy, They are called tamo, rajo and sattva clearly; - 46 — Tamo-guna associated with inertia, ignorance be, The rajo-guna associated with passion, activity; - 47 — Sattva-guna associated with goodness, harmony, And all three of them associated with thinking truly. - 48 — The term ‘guṇa’ in the hoary sacred text does be, As in the Mahabharat and Bhagawat Puran clearly. - 49 — Term for the five elements, mahabhutas, surely, Also five senses, five associated parts of body. - 50 — Akasha or space, associated with sound and ear be, Vayu or air, associated with feeling and skin does be. - 51 — Tejas, Agni or fire, linked with appearance and eye be. Apas, Jala or water, associated with taste and tongue be. - 52 — Prithivi or earth, associated with all preceding guṇas be, As well as ‘guṇa gandha’ or smell and with the nose be. - 53 -
1. Three Qualities All worldly qualities have been identified clearly, As three basic gunas — tamas, rajas, sattva surely. - 54 — Tamas darkness, Rajas passion, Sattva goodness be, Sattwa, Rajas, Tamas together called three qualities. - 55 — Tamas quality is controlled by the Maha-devi Kali, Rajas by Laxshmi Devi, sattva by Saraswati Devi. - 56 — ‘Tamas’ guna is inertia, ‘rajas’ but activity does be, ‘Sattva’ guna transcendence most certainly truly. - 57 — Without all these three there is no physical entity, Not a single atom is free of these dimensions truly. - 58 — They of certain static nature, vibrancy and energy, Without them nothing is together — breaks surely. - 59 — You will be asleep all the time if its ‘tamas’ only, Just rajas — only relax; just sattva — you gone be. - 60 — So all three qualities present in everything but be, It is just to what extent you mix these things finally. - 61 — The nine days of Navaratri — prayer for the Devi, Classified they as to three basic qualities do be. - 62 — We have the ability to alter guna levels willfully, Controlling them bringing awareness consciously. - 63 — Tamas is just a state of inertia of but inactivity, The state of gratification of the five senses only. - 64 — Tamas symbolized by darkness, ignorance be, Distracting humans from spiritual growth clearly. - 65 — To reduce tamas avoid ‘tamsik’ foods readily, As onions, garlic, — with natural steroids plainly. - 66 — Meats, food: stale, processed, treated chemically, Excess emotion, sleep, eating, inactivity, passivity. - 67 — Rajas is a state of the energy, change and activity, Binding to efforts ensuing longing, attachment truly. - 68 — To cut rajas avoid rajasik food stimulant, fried, spicy, Extreme — exercise, work, music, thinking, desire truly. - 69 — Sattva state of intelligence, balance, contentment be, Reduces rajas, tamas — so enlightenment possible be. - 70 — Sattvic food, action begets positive thinking, bliss truly, Yogic practices create ‘sattva’ in the mind and body. - 71 — Sattvic foods whole grains, pulses, lentils be surely, Fresh fruits, vegetables that grow above ground only. - 72 — Practice of yoga, controlling desire and wants truly, With a yogic lifestyle will lead to ‘sattva’ undoubtedly. - 73 -
2. In Bhagwat Gita Triguna appears in discourse of Krishna prominently, To Arjuna upon the battlefield of Kurukshetra clearly; - 74 — That the backdrop for the Bhagwat Gita surely be, All three gunas so held to delude the World clearly: - 75 —
त्रिभिर्गुणमयैर्भावैरेभिः सर्वमिदं जगत्। मोहितं नाभिजानाति मामेभ्यः परमव्ययम्॥ ७.१३॥ tribhirguṇamayairbhāvairebhiḥ sarvamidaṁ jagat | mohitaṁ nābhijānāti māmebhyaḥ paramavyayam || 7.13||
World deluded by Three Gunas does not know Me: Who beyond these Gunas, imperishable does be. (7.13) - 76 -
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